Practice Exam 1
1. a) What's the difference between UCR and NCVS?
b) Why might you choose to use one over the other?
c) What are some of the major reasons that crime rates based on one of these measures might change?
2. What is Jeffrey Reiman's "Pyrrhic defeat theory" regarding our criminal justice system?
3. a) What are the major elements an economist would want to consider in estimating the costs to society of crime?
b) What are the major elements an economist would want to consider in estimating the costs to an individual victim of crime?
4. a) What do Hellman and Alper mean by the "supply of crime"?
b) How would an increase in the number of teenagers affect the "supply of crime"?
c) How would a sudden plant closure resulting in loss of thousands of jobs affect the "supply of crime"?
5. According to Marx, how does the criminal justice system support the economic arrangements in society?
6. a) How does Isaac Ehrlich hypothesize education and crime are related?
b) Do the 3 types of evidence examined support this hypothesis?
7. Why might Shaw and McKay's study of Z.I.T.s be considered substantial refutation of earlier racial or ethnicity based explanations of crime?
8. a) Using the MB and MC framework please briefly explain the theoretically optimal mix of crime prevention.
b) If your resources are fixed and you don't know the dollar value of the benefits generated by crime prevention, what information could you use to try to reach this theoretical optimum?
9. What evidence does Reiman provide to support his argument that the criminal justice system is economically biased?
10. Hellman and Alper give a critique of a cost-benefit analysis of a pretrial intervention program in Dade County. Keeping their comments in mind what are some of the kinds of information you would want to gather to do a cost-benefit analysis of San Francisco's remedial instruction program for customers of prostitution?
11. How would you allocate a given resource pie to deal with a particular type of crime such as homicide, domestic violence or embezzlement? Consider the costs and benefits to individuals and society. Consider long term and short term. Consider potential unintended consequences of your resource allocation strategy.